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How to Deal With Four Common Conditions That Impact The Cornea


 A healthy cornea is needed for a healthy eye. The human cornea has five layers which consist of Corneal Epithelium, Bowman’s Layer, Corneal Stroma, Descemet’s Membrane and Corneal Endothelium. If an injury breaks through to a deeper layer of the cornea, it may cause symptoms such as blurred vision, pain, redness, sensitivity to light, etc. and the healing process in such cases usually takes longer. However, more serious injuries may produce corneal scarring, which can cause distorted vision or even impaired vision in few cases. If you experience any of these symptoms, please consult an eye care professional.


Here's a list of four most common cornea conditions, their symptoms, and possible treatments. 

Allergies
Allergies which could be caused either due to indoor allergens like dust, mold, etc., or outdoor allergens like pollens or irritants like smoke and perfume may sometimes produce symptoms such as itching, redness, burning, watery eyes, puffiness, hazy vision, etc. 
Allergy symptoms are mostly temporary but for relief, prescription or over the counter eye drops often help. Applying a cool compress to the eye too helps in subsiding itching and swelling. 

Dry Eye
It is another common eye condition that people often experience. Tears provide a crucial role in eye health. They wash away dirt and irritants while keeping the eye’s surface moist and clean. But when the eye no longer produces enough tears or the quality of tears necessary to maintain eye health, performing everyday activities may become difficult or painful.
Common causes for the dry eye includes allergies, use of contact lens, skin disease around eyes, exposure to chemicals or some medications and age, as most people over 65 years experience dry eye.
Symptoms like red eyes, foreign body sensation, itching, eye discomfort, hazy vision, and burning or stinging in the eye are common. Depending on the cause, treatment may vary. Therefore, if you feel any of the above-mentioned symptoms book an appointment with your ophthalmologist immediately.  

Infections
Eye infections can affect one or both eyes. Cornea, unlike most other tissues in the body, does not contain blood vessels. This puts the cornea at a particular disadvantage when it comes to fighting infections. Two common eye infections are conjunctivitis and corneal ulcers. Viral infections of the cornea too can severely affect vision and comfort. Some of the common symptoms caused due to corneal infections are redness, itching, swelling, pain, or distorted vision.
Depending on the type of infection, treatment typically includes eye drops, creams or antibiotics. Severe infections should be treated promptly to avoid significant damage to the eye and vision loss.

Corneal Dystrophies
There are more than 20 different types of corneal dystrophies – each one affecting different parts of the cornea.  With a corneal dystrophy, one or more pieces of the cornea’s regular clarity changes. A dystrophy is typically inherited and can affect both eyes equally. Usually, dystrophies progress gradually.
Symptoms may vary depending on the dystrophy as some may even cause severe visual impairment. Many dystrophies are discovered during regular eye examination tests because they show little to no symptoms in the early stages. Still, other dystrophies are periodic and may cause pain. 
Depending on the dystrophy, and how severe the case, treatment will vary. If diagnosed early, timely treatment can be given to make sure the disorder does not progress. However, if symptoms persist, the doctor may prescribe ointments, eye drops or laser treatment.
A corneal transplant may be needed in extreme cases. 

It’s important to stay vigilant about your eye care to prevent irreversible damage. Sharp Sight (Group of Eye Hospitals), one of the best eye hospitals in Delhi NCR, offers regular eye health exams and expert advice on best cornea treatment in India to keep your eyes working at their best! Our team of skilled and best cornea specialist in Delhi offers best cornea treatment in Delhi NCR. 

So, if you are looking for best cornea specialist in Delhi or a hospital that offers the best cornea treatment in India, contact us immediately. 

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